1853 – Work begins on the grand renovation of Paris
Emperor Napoleon III commissions Georges-Eugène Haussmann to modernise medieval Paris with wider streets, sewers, gas lanterns, public spaces, schools, hospitals…
1863 – Salon des Refusés
Paris Salon jury reject a record two thirds of the 5k works submitted. Protests from artists and the public lead Napoleon III to open the Salon des Refusés.
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1867 – Lise with a Parasol, Renoir
Though ridiculed by several critics for its unusual use of light and shadow, Renoir’s painting is accepted in the Salon.
1872 – Mondrian is born
1886 – 1905 Post-Impressionism
Independently led by Cézanne, Gauguin, van Gogh and Seurat the movement was a rejection impressionism’s concern for the naturalistic depiction of light and color and characterized by a tendency towards symbolism and abstraction. Abstract
1892 – Mondrian starts Art school
At the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam.
1905 -10 Fauvism
Seen as an extreme extension of the post-impressionistic styles of Seurat and Van Gogh. Characterised by the use of bold non-naturalistic colours, strong brush strokes and simplified forms.
1907 – Picasso paints les demoiselle d’Avignon
Seen by may as the foundational painting on which cubism is built; a radical break from the logic of perspective . The “unfeminine”, angular forms and confrontational stances of the nude women is viewed as immoral and causes a stir when exhibited in 1916.
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